A mild central nervous system stimulant Ritalin is an effective treatment for such conditions as Attention Deficit Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Narcolepsy.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder specified by continuous tendency of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that affects normal everyday activities, studies, or development.
The disorder causes lots of problems to a person due to the particular signs including hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention.
The first one means that physical activity which is overwhelming and results in restlessness, excessive body movements, fidgeting and other things.
Impulsivity refers to unintentional actions which happen before a person actually thinks about them. Impulsive behavior or acting or doing without forethought may be a part of reckless, unreasonable actions.
Lack of ability to focus and concentrate attention of important things eventually results in problems with organizing your routine activities, studies, comprehension of simple tasks.
Inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity are the main characteristics of ADHD. Most adults with ADHD only have one type of behaviors, while most children have the combined type of ADHD with hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity.
It is normal to have some inattention, increase motor activity and impulsivity for children, but those who suffer from ADHD have more profound symptoms which: are more severe, occur more frequently; affect the quality of social functions and everyday activities.
While there is no absolute remedy for ADHD, the existing treatments can help reduce symptoms and improve behavior. Treatments include medication, psychotherapy, education and training, or a complex program with all the aspects.
Ritalin medication helps to reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity and improve the ability to focus, work, and learn.
It can also improve physical coordination. People who use this medicine should be monitored closely and carefully by their prescribing doctor.
The mode of action of Ritalin is supposed to involve the activation of the brain stem arousal system and cortex to show the stimulant reaction.
Ritalin can produce the mental and behavioral effects in pediatric patients though it is not proven how these effects refer to the condition of the central nervous system.
The effect of Ritalin on the QT interval was estimated in healthy volunteers. ECGs were observed up to 12 hours post-dose. It was detected that the medicine produced the maximum mean prolongation of QTcF intervals <5 ms. Thus it was below the margin of clinical importance.