Ritalin important information

A mild central nervous system stimulant Ritalin is an effective treatment for such conditions as Attention Deficit Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Narcolepsy.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder specified by continuous tendency of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that affects normal everyday activities, studies, or development.

The disorder causes lots of problems to a person due to the particular signs including hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention.

The first one means that physical activity which is overwhelming and results in restlessness, excessive body movements, fidgeting and other things.

Impulsivity refers to unintentional actions which happen before a person actually thinks about them. Impulsive behavior or acting or doing without forethought may be a part of reckless, unreasonable actions.

Lack of ability to focus and concentrate attention of important things eventually results in problems with organizing your routine activities, studies, comprehension of simple tasks.

Inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity are the main characteristics of ADHD. Most adults with ADHD only have one type of behaviors, while most children have the combined type of ADHD with hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity.

It is normal to have some inattention, increase motor activity and impulsivity for children, but those who suffer from ADHD have more profound symptoms which: are more severe, occur more frequently; affect the quality of social functions and everyday activities.

While there is no absolute remedy for ADHD, the existing treatments can help reduce symptoms and improve behavior. Treatments include medication, psychotherapy, education and training, or a complex program with all the aspects.

Ritalin medication helps to reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity and improve the ability to focus, work, and learn.

It can also improve physical coordination. People who use this medicine should be monitored closely and carefully by their prescribing doctor.

The mode of action of Ritalin is supposed to involve the activation of the brain stem arousal system and cortex to show the stimulant reaction.

Ritalin can produce the mental and behavioral effects in pediatric patients though it is not proven how these effects refer to the condition of the central nervous system.

The effect of Ritalin on the QT interval was estimated in healthy volunteers. ECGs were observed up to 12 hours post-dose. It was detected that the medicine produced the maximum mean prolongation of QTcF intervals <5 ms. Thus it was below the margin of clinical importance.

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How to take and store Ritalin?

Ritalin should be taken with a doctor’s prescription exactly as ordered. The dose of the medication should never be exceeded. The time of the treatment should not be longer than recommended by your doctor. The continued use of the medication may cause serious health problems including child stunting.a doctor
Ritalin tablets are usually taken 30 – 45 minutes before a meal. The extended-release form the medication can be taken with or without food.
The extended-release Ritalin tablet is to be swallowed as a whole. The Ritalin extended-release capsule can be opened and the contents can be mixed with a liquid like applesauce to facilitate swallowing.
Ritalin is recommended to be taken in the first part of the day to avoid sleeping problems. Do not take the medication later than 6 p.m.
Before any type of surgery, a patient who takes this medication should discuss with a surgeon the use of Ritalin.
Ritalin medication is kept at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Be watchful when using this medication. Do not give Ritalin to other people.

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Ritalin side effects

Serious side effects:

• pounding,uneven or fast heartbeats;

• headache, sore throat, fever and  with a severe  peeling,red and blistering and  skin rash;

• feeling like you might pass out;

• restlessness,aggression, unusual behavior, hallucinations,  or muscle twitches (motor tics);

• dangerously high blood pressure (blurred vision,severe headache,  buzzing in your ears, anxiety,  shortness of breath, confusion, chest pain, seizure, uneven heartbeats).

• purple spots on your skin, easy bruising; or

Less serious Ritalin side effects may include:

• nausea, stomach pain, loss of appetite, vomiting ;

• dizziness,mild headache, vision problems ;

• cold feeling in your hands or feet

•  mild skin rash,sweating;

• tingling, numbness, or ;

• sleep problems, nervous feeling;

• weight loss.


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Who should not be treated with Ritalin?

Ritalin is a prescription medication, that should be used directly as your doctor recommends you. Never take this medication if you or your child:

  • are very anxious, irritated, or agitated;
  • have glaucoma;
  • are taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor or MAOI or have taken these medications within last 2 weeks;
  • experience new psychotic symptoms (manic behavior, hearing voices, being suspicious and others).

Ritalin is used in patients who are older than 6 years of age. Pregnant women should report their doctor about their pregnancy before using this medication. It is necessary to inform a doctor if you are breast-feeding.

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Before the treatment with Ritalin

Before initiating the treatment with this medication you should be sure that it is safe for you or for your child. Patients with known allergic reactions or hypersensitivity to any component in Ritalin should not use it. Other conditions that should be reported to your doctor are:

  • glaucoma;
  • overactive thyroid;
  • hypertension;
  • angina, heart failure, heart rhythm disorder, or recent heart attack;
  • a personal or family history of tics (muscle twitches) or Tourette’s syndrome;
  • severe anxiety, tension, or agitation;
  • a hereditary condition such as fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption, or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency.

If you or your child has heart-related problems or heart defects inform your doctor before taking this medication. Ritalin may be contraindicated for you.

It is urgent to inform a doctor about:

  • a personal or family history of mental illness, psychotic disorder, bipolar illness, depression, or suicide attempt;
  • epilepsy or other seizure disorder;
  • a history of drug or alcohol addiction.

Ritalin is for short-term use. The long-term use of this medication may slow the growth in a child.

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