How to take and store Ritalin?

Ritalin should be taken with a doctor’s prescription exactly as ordered. The dose of the medication should never be exceeded. The time of the treatment should not be longer than recommended by your doctor. The continued use of the medication may cause serious health problems including child stunting.a doctor
Ritalin tablets are usually taken 30 – 45 minutes before a meal. The extended-release form the medication can be taken with or without food.
The extended-release Ritalin tablet is to be swallowed as a whole. The Ritalin extended-release capsule can be opened and the contents can be mixed with a liquid like applesauce to facilitate swallowing.
Ritalin is recommended to be taken in the first part of the day to avoid sleeping problems. Do not take the medication later than 6 p.m.
Before any type of surgery, a patient who takes this medication should discuss with a surgeon the use of Ritalin.
Ritalin medication is kept at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Be watchful when using this medication. Do not give Ritalin to other people.

Ritalin side effects

Serious side effects:

• pounding,uneven or fast heartbeats;

• headache, sore throat, fever and  with a severe  peeling,red and blistering and  skin rash;

• feeling like you might pass out;

• restlessness,aggression, unusual behavior, hallucinations,  or muscle twitches (motor tics);

• dangerously high blood pressure (blurred vision,severe headache,  buzzing in your ears, anxiety,  shortness of breath, confusion, chest pain, seizure, uneven heartbeats).

• purple spots on your skin, easy bruising; or

Less serious Ritalin side effects may include:

• nausea, stomach pain, loss of appetite, vomiting ;

• dizziness,mild headache, vision problems ;

• cold feeling in your hands or feet

•  mild skin rash,sweating;

• tingling, numbness, or ;

• sleep problems, nervous feeling;

• weight loss.

 

Who should not be treated with Ritalin?

Ritalin is a prescription medication, that should be used directly as your doctor recommends you. Never take this medication if you or your child:

  • are very anxious, irritated, or agitated;
  • have glaucoma;
  • are taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor or MAOI or have taken these medications within last 2 weeks;
  • experience new psychotic symptoms (manic behavior, hearing voices, being suspicious and others).

Ritalin is used in patients who are older than 6 years of age. Pregnant women should report their doctor about their pregnancy before using this medication. It is necessary to inform a doctor if you are breast-feeding.

Before the treatment with Ritalin

Before initiating the treatment with this medication you should be sure that it is safe for you or for your child. Patients with known allergic reactions or hypersensitivity to any component in Ritalin should not use it. Other conditions that should be reported to your doctor are:

  • glaucoma;
  • overactive thyroid;
  • hypertension;
  • angina, heart failure, heart rhythm disorder, or recent heart attack;
  • a personal or family history of tics (muscle twitches) or Tourette’s syndrome;
  • severe anxiety, tension, or agitation;
  • a hereditary condition such as fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption, or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency.

If you or your child has heart-related problems or heart defects inform your doctor before taking this medication. Ritalin may be contraindicated for you.

It is urgent to inform a doctor about:

  • a personal or family history of mental illness, psychotic disorder, bipolar illness, depression, or suicide attempt;
  • epilepsy or other seizure disorder;
  • a history of drug or alcohol addiction.

Ritalin is for short-term use. The long-term use of this medication may slow the growth in a child.

Ritalin indications

Ritalin uses for Attention Deficit Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Narcolepsy

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are mental behavioral conditions characterized by Hyperkinetic Child Syndrome, Minimal Brain Damage, Minimal Cerebral Dysfunction, and Minor Cerebral Dysfunction.

Ritalin is indicated for the treatment of ADD and ADHD in combination with a complex treatment program. The program uses different psychological, educational, social options to produce a steady effect in pediatric patients with a behavioral syndrome. The symptoms of the syndrome are: moderate-to-severe distractibility, short attention span, hyperactivity, emotional instability, and impulsivity. The diagnosis of this behavioral syndrome is made after a long-term supervision of a patient.

Ritalin description

Ritalin (methylphenidate hydrochloride) is a mild central nervous system (CNS) stimulant.

The Ritalin mechanism of action in humans is not fully known. It is assumed that Ritalin activates the brain stem arousal system and cortex to promote its stimulating effects.

The medication is produced in a form of tablets for oral intake in the doses of 5, 10, and 20 mg for oral administration. Ritalin-SR tablets are sustained-release tablets of 20 mg for oral administration.

The inert components of the medication Ritalin include: D&C Yellow No. 10 (5-mg and 20-mg tablets), FD&C Green No. 3 (10-mg tablets), lactose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, starch (5-mg and 10-mg tablets), sucrose, talc, and tragacanth (20-mg tablets).

The inert components in Ritalin-SR tablets are: Cellulose compounds, cetostearyl alcohol, lactose, magnesium stearate, mineral oil, povidone, titanium dioxide, and zein.

Ritalin (methylphenidate)

Ritalin (the main component – methylphenidate) is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulating agent. Methylphenidate stimulates the nerves and chemicals in the brain which are responsible for hyperactivity and impulse control. The medication increases the CNS activity and thus produces the effects of enhanced alertness and attention.

Ritalin is commonly used in the treatment of attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients older than 6 years of age and was approved by the U.S. FDA for these medical purposes. Ritalin is used for ADD and ADHD in combination with counseling and other therapeutic measures.

Besides, the medication is often used as an effective therapy for narcolepsy a sleep disorder characterized by a great need to sleep.